Oral History Collection

MAIN ENTRY:

Lamb, Arch

DATE OF INTERVIEW:

July 23, 1984; January 22, 1985

LOCATION OF INTERVIEW:

Lubbock, Texas

INTERVIEWER:

Cindy Martin, Richard Mason

LENGTH OF INTERVIEW:

4 hours, 15 minutes (total)

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE:

Arch Lamb, former Lubbock County Commissioner, talks about his life and his role in the origin of the Saddle Tramps, the Texas Tech pep squad. He also discusses the evolution of the dairy business in Texas and his experience with the Texas Tech Dairy.

TAPE ONE, SIDE ONE:

Arch Lamb
Born: June 10, 1912
Parents
James William Lamb, father
Nellie Rebecca Katherine Hancock Lamb, mother
Born on the Wallace Farms
Wallace Farms
Description
Location
Battle Creek Farm
Boll Weevils (1919)
Location
Arch Lamb (again)
Education
High school reunion
Creamery
Duties
Milk strike (August 1934)
To Texas Tech (December 1934)
Dairy plant
Financial resources
Registration
Anecdote: Registrar flipping a coin and admitting
Lamb
Arch Lamb (again)
Financial difficulties
Shoe shining business
Anecdote: Texas Tech student operating a mercantile store out of his dorm room
Texas Tech (again)
Social clubs
Election of Lamb as Yell Leader
Saddle Tramps
Origins (1937)
Red Raider Rider
"The Spirit of Texas Tech"
George Tate, original rider

TAPE ONE, SIDE TWO

Saddle Tramps (continued)
Anecdote: Ringing the victory bells all night after
beating TCU
Bonfires
Arbor Day (1938)
Connor Cole, faculty advisor
Lamb (again)
Passing out cigarettes
Anecdote: State agentís "visit"
Passing out Beechnut gum
Student representative
Saddle Tramps (again)
Cotton Bowl (January 1939)
Organizational changes

TAPE TWO, SIDE ONE:

Lamb (again)
Sale of dairy
Farming
Problems
Milk strike
Lubbock County Commissioner (1954)
Contributions
Debt reduction
Retirement

TAPE TWO, SIDE TWO:

Blank

TAPE THREE, SIDE ONE:

Early dairy experience
Cattle
Mechanized farming
Trench silos
Importance of milk products to family food supply
Anecdote: drinking hot water tea
Milking schedule
Utilization of milk
Great Depression
Storage of milk
Evaporative cooling (pre-1920s)
Ice boxes
Ice plants
Ice
Evaporative cooling (again)
Running water cooling
Ice box (again)
Ice delivery
Condensed milk
Ice Cream
M. B. Ice Cream Company, Waco, Texas
Cafť freezers
Drug store, Coolidge, Texas
Description
Changes in quality
Commercial dairying
Raw milk dairies (1920s)

TAPE THREE, SIDE TWO:

Raw milk dairies (continued)
"Dairy bo"
Labor intensity
Size
Churning butter
Cheese making
Beginning involvement in pasteurized milk and ice cream (1937)
Nature of creamery work
Bottle washing
Bottle filling
Milk prices (1930s)
Government intervention
Killing cattle
Milk coupons

TAPE FOUR, SIDE ONE:

Milk prices, 1930s (continued)
Milk producersí strike (1934)
Running milk at night
Anecdote: beaten as a strike breaker
End of strike
Duration
To Tech (1934)
Job in college creamery
Tech Dairy
Operation
Milk route
Anecdote: crash of milk wagon
Competition with local dairies
Local dairying operations
Produce houses
Closing of Swift and Company
Irrigation wells (c. 1941)
Pasteurization laws
Reasons for passage
Effect on local dairies
Paper milk carton
Effect on local dairies
Capital investment required

TAPE FOUR, SIDE TWO:

Economics of dairy business
Bangs disease
Technological advance
War Years (1940s)
Anecdote: problems with bacteria count
Tech Dairy program
Professor Ritter
Decline in program
Sale of Lambís dairy

Borden dairy
Dairies established by Tech graduates
Ben Jenkins
Milton Kirksey
George Wilson
Claude Brown
Jersey milk
Butterfat/cream
Bottles
War years (again)
Banner Creamery, Abilene, Texas
Servicing military installations
O. D. Dillingham
Conscript classification
Banner Creamery (again)
Service territory
Anecdote: "Corn sugar and heart attack"
Service territory (again)
Military supply
Sediment problems: Big Spring, Texas
Anecdote: military reports gelatin in milk

TAPE FIVE, SIDE ONE:

Anecdote (continued)
Milk grades
Grade A milk
Cooperative cheese plants, Plainview, Texas
Sale of pasteurizing unit
Anecdote: installation
Anecdote: eating in Plainview restaurant
Closure
Reasons
Albert Garrett, Plainview, Texas
Cloverlake Dairies
Refrigeration
Shipping cream by railroad
Contamination problems
Oleo margarine
Public acceptance
Coloring
Price
Ice cream business
Changes in sales tactics
Voight continuous ice cream freezer
Nested cartons
Increased sales
Dairy prices
Influence of large creameries
Competition
Dry cleaners
Important technological developments
Carrousel milking operation
Feed distribution equipment
Refrigeration

TAPE FIVE, SIDE TWO:

Important technological developments (continued)
Pasteurization
Home refrigeration
Sanitation improvements
Hydraulics
Chemicals
Good dairying regions
New Mexico
Roughage availability
South Plains

RANGE DATES:

1912-1985

BULK DATES:

1925-1985