Oral History Collection

MAIN ENTRY: Middleton, Raleigh
DATE OF INTERVIEW: July 10, 1998
LOCATION OF INTERVIEW: Lubbock, Texas
INTERVIEWER: David Marshall
LENGTH OF INTERVIEW: 1 hour, 43 minutes
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE: Raleigh Middleton talks about his time at Texas Tech University both as a student and as an employee (1925-1943), the changes in the campus, and the changes in Lubbock, Texas from 1925 to the present.
TAPE ONE Middleton, Raleigh
b. 1906, Bell County, Texas
Moved to Fisher County, Texas in 1910
Moved to Dickens County, Texas in 1916
Moved to Lubbock, Texas in 1925
Parents
Father: First he farmed, then he wrote life insurance for United Fidelity
Bought a section of the Spur Ranch in 1916 in Dickens County, Texas with his Brother in law
Middleton, Raleigh (again)
Started college at Texas Tech in 1925, the first year Texas Tech opened
Graduated in 1929
Sister
Started college at Texas Tech in 1925
Home Economics Major - Graduated in 1929
ens High School – unaffiliated school
Dickens, Texas
Family farm near Dickens, Texas
Crops
Small scale ranching
Middleton, Raleigh (again)
Majored in Agriculture at Texas Tech
Work at the dairy while in school
Work at the dairy after graduation
Farm superintendent at Texas Tech from 1935 – 1943
Dairy Barn
Variety of livestock for class work
Plowing with horses
Texas Tech University cultivation acreage
Horses
Number of horses
Breeds
Uses for horses
First tractors
Fordson (?) tractor with steel wheels
John Deer, 4 rubber wheels, 1935
Ford donated the first tractor
Texas Tech University Sheep & Hog Farm
Tree lined lane
Texas Tech University Orchard
Nursery for trees and grass
Horse Barn
Old location
Middleton, Raleigh (again)
Length of time at Texas Tech
Texas Tech University campus 1925
Open space
Buildings
Location of schools
School of Agriculture
Location of buildings
"Mule Barn"
Number of buildings on campus
Class room locations
Administration building
Library location
Location of buildings (again)
Description of first library
Miss Elizabeth West, first Librarian
Texas Tech University campus 1925 (again)
Administration building (again)
Open country (again)
Early football games
No stadium
First games were played at the fairgrounds
First stadium
Early football games (again)
Games played on campus beginning in 1926
Attendance
Hurly(?)Carpenter – first captain
Middleton, Raleigh – His professors
Dean Lawdery(?)
W.L. Steinal(?)
Ray Malory
Mr. Mahoney
Number of students per class
Agricultural projects
Students providing own livestock
College student dairy
Dr. Flowers sold and/or donated some livestock for college dairy
Cattle breeds used
Experiment project
Breeding herds
Cattle kept on campus
College cows and student’s cows kept together
Texas Tech University sold milk from milk herd
Milk route in City of Lubbock
Delivered by horse drawn wagons
No law regarding pasteurized milk
Students worked for $.25 per hour at TTU dairy and farm
Middleton, Raleigh (again)
Family home location
Boarders
House still standing at 16th & Ave. Y
Father (again)
Built the house at 16th & Ave. Y
In real estate and insurance
Middleton, Raleigh (again)
Work and school schedule
Lubbock, Texas
Few cars
Streets not paved
Overton Addition
South of 19th – open country
From 34th Street south, farms and dairies
Dairies
3 within mile around 34th Street & University
Names of the dairies
Sizes of the dairies
Borden’s Dairy
Bell Dairy
Sister (again)
Loweda (?)
Taught home economics after graduating from Texas Tech
Married and quit teaching
Work at the Dairy Barn at Texas Tech University
Duties
Description of shed and lots
Cattle breeds
Job position
Student employees
Farm hands
Lack of Employee benefits
Farm house
First tractor (again)
40 acres per day
Plowing with horses (again)
8 acres per day
Beef cattle
Class work, practice judging
Selling to market
Slaughtering class meat went to the dorms
TAPE TWO Beef cattle (again)
Records kept on cattle for class work
Dairy Barn (again)
Silo
Grain used
How the loft in the barn was used
Livestock pen location
Silo location
One story attached building (Difficult to hear, moved away from the tape recorder)
Track with rollers between barn and silo
Movement of grain from the silo to the barn
Filling the silo with grain
Work at the Dairy Barn at Texas Tech University (again)
Dairy cattle herdsman, 1929-1935
Farm Superintendent, 1935-1943
Effects of the Depression on the Dairy Barn operations
Dry year of 1934
Shipped in hay from Arizona
No irrigation around Lubbock, Texas
Only 8-10 inches of rain that year
Source of water on Tech campus
Water piped in from Muleshoe, Texas
Lubbock, Texas (again)
Individual citizens had their own windmills
Individual wells
Electric water pumps replacement of windmills
City water system
Source of water on Tech campus (again)
Texas Tech used both city water and piped in water
Weather
1934 sand storm
Grasshopper infestation
Weather (again)
Hail storms
Tornado – 1970
Effects of World War II on Texas Tech University
High school boys replacing drafted employees
Harvesting alfalfa hay
Lubbock, Texas (again)
Entertainment in the mid to late 1920’s
RANGE DATES: 1906-1998
BULK DATES: 1925-1943