Oral History Collection

MAIN ENTRY: Young, Arthur W.
DATE OF INTERVIEW: March 6, 1973; April 9 and May 27, 1975
LOCATION OF INTERVIEW: Lubbock, Texas
INTERVIEWER: Beth Schneider, Richard Arnold, Donald E. Green
LENGTH OF INTERVIEW: 4 hours, 15 minutes (total)
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE: Dr. Arthur W. Young, Professor emeritus of Agronomy at Texas Tech, discusses his slide photographs, the growth and development of Tech’s College of Agricultural Sciences, and various aspects of his work from 1935 to 1969.
TAPE ONE, SIDE ONE: Early Texas Tech photographs discussed
Early buildings and landscapes cited
Buildings used for World War II Air Force students
Agriculture faculty named
Changes, expansion of Agriculture School traced
Anecdote on airplane crash
First irrigation wells on campus remembered
Early cotton varieties and mechanical pickers mentioned
Recollections of early work with anhydrous ammonia
TAPE ONE, SIDE TWO Early sugar beet work discussed
Personal history related
Reasons for move to Texas Tech examined
Character of Tech’s Agriculture School reviewed
Reasons for division of departments given
Origin of Tech landscaping cited
Professor Elo Urbanovsky hired
Tree planting activities (1940s)
Difficulty in finding Lubbock housing cited
Attitudes on Tech-Lubbock cooperation
Tech water problems discussed
Development of new Tech farm (1947)
Growth of program of cooperation between Texas Tech and A & M Experiment station recalled
Discussion of agriculture curriculum
Influence of Tech on area agriculture
TAPE TWO, SIDE ONE: Department of Agronomy
Undergraduate program
Graduate program
History
Organization (1925)
Arthur H. Leidigh
Crop judging teams
Sponsors
Faculty participation
Purposes
Recognition
Gathering materials
Soil judging teams
Origin
Nathan J. Allen

Intern program
Departmental research
Emphasis
Grants
University policies
Texas A & M Experiment Station
Effect on Texas Tech
Land grant colleges
Experimental stations
Equipment needed

TAPE TWO, SIDE TWO: Blank
TAPE THREE, SIDE ONE: Soil Conservation Service was hiring people (1933-35)
Ropesville resettlement project discussed
Shelbyville project described as unsound because of lack of water
Trees died because of lack of moisture
Dr. John Orval Ellsworth left Texas Tech to work for Mormon Church
Helped form Alpha Phi Omega
His idea of forming a farmer’s service organization
discussed
Opposition to terraces
Farmers came to College of Agriculture for advice
Early fertilizer
Dependency on irrigation

Development of storm proof cotton
Macha and other cotton types

Reason for not accepting offer of pecan farm in Clyde, Texas

TAPE THREE, SIDE TWO: Tech Foundation explained
Work with experiment stations
Employment of Tech students
Early experiments on sugar beets and other plants
Castor bean production
Problems with castor beans
Early hiring was a problem
Story of successful Tech graduate, J. Rex Johnson
Graduates who returned to farming
Ingenuity of Plains farmers
Development of sandfighters, seed-firming wheel
Characterization of Dean Arthur H. Leidigh
Problems encountered as a dean
RANGE DATES: 1925-1940s
BULK DATES: 1925-1940s