Oral History Collection

MAIN ENTRY: Tate, George M.
DATE OF INTERVIEW: October 11, 1984; March 29, 1990
LOCATION OF INTERVIEW: Weatherford, Texas
INTERVIEWER: Richard Mason, Robert Clark
LENGTH OF INTERVIEW: 2 hours, 30 minutes (total)
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE: George M Tate, former South Plains resident, discusses farming, maize, cotton, irrigation, Texas Tech and dairy operations. He then reviews his experiences in the West Texas ranching industry.
TAPE ONE, SIDE ONE: George M. Tate
Born: December 9, 1911 in Okeene, Oklahoma
To Akin
Reasons
Land promoters
Farm
Size
Location
Akin School
Students
Neighbors
Crops
Irrigation well
Pump
Description
Irrigation technique
Cream
Transportation
Arch Lamb
Maize
J. E. Mackelroy, elevator operator
Thrashing machine
Kaffir corn
Description
Hygira Maize (early 1970s)
Cash crops
Feed crops
Cotton
Cash benefits
Team animals
Horses
Reasons
Advantages over mules
Equipment
Two-row Lister
Tractor (1923)
TAPE ONE, SIDE TWO Harvest
Technique
Thrashing
Technique
Winter wheat
Kansas
Black hull wheat (mid 1920s)
Cotton (again)
Irrigation (1918-1927)
Varieties
Storm proof
Gin (Akin, Texas)
Pearson sections
Colonel Pearson
Texas Land Development Company
Description
Labor
Operations
Texas Land Development Company (again)
Demonstration farms
Colonel Pearson’s death
Thrashing (again)
Custom work
Weather
Blizzard
Description
Cattle
Sandstorms (1926)
Black Sunday (April 23, 1935)
Tate (again)
To Texas Tech
Living quarters
Garvin Tate, cousin
Free ride
FDR’s NWA program
Financial assistance
Mr. Ford
Cotton farm
Texas Tech (1930)
Description
Campus life
Anecdote: about the boys chasing a rabbit
Curriculum
TAPE TWO, SIDE ONE: Tate (again)
Animal Husbandry, his major
Vocational Agriculture, minor
Teaching career
Eola, Texas
Texas Tech (again)
Anecdote: boys’ involvement in an eraser fight
Instructors
Incident: Masked Rider
Origin
Arch Lamb
Need for a pep squad
Switch to the Red Raiders
Pete Cawthon’s idea
Arch Lamb (again)
Red Raider Rider (September 26, 1936)
Crowd’s reaction
Saddle Tramp organization
Red Raider (again)
Uniform
Tate (again)
Teaching career (again)
Job opportunity (Spring 1939)
Interview (Fort Worth, Texas)
Ranches
To Weatherford, Texas (again)
Housing
Wages
Ranch
Hired hands (laborers)
Tate’s raise
Operations
Cattle and goat buyer
Acquisition of new ranches
Apache Ranch
Fruit and vegetable industry
Onion crop
TAPE TWO, SIDE TWO: Onion crop (continued)
Slaughter’s Veal Ranch
Size
Sale
Other ranches
Tate (again)
Ranching interest
Feedlot business (1968)
Family life
Drought
Goat business
TAPE THREE, SIDE ONE: Background
Born: 1911
Parents
To Texas
Grandparents
Immigration
Grandfather
Oklahoma settlement
Family to Texas Panhandle (1914)
Texas Land and Development
Children
Education
Attending Texas Tech
Employment
Garland Tate
Return home
Getting shot by neighbor
Help from National Youth Administration to finish
college
Employment
Teaching vocational agriculture, Eola, Texas
TAPE THREE, SIDE TWO: First ranching job with Wyatt Hedrick
Expansion of ranch properties
Wyatt Hedrick
Death
Character
Personality
Operating Apache Ranch, Kansas (1973-80)
Building ranch for daughter, Weatherford, Texas
Tech career
Development of Masked Rider (1936)
First ride at TCU game
First Tech Rodeo
Hackberry Johnson
General Reminiscences
RANGE DATES: 1911-1990
BULK DATES: 1911-1990