Oral History Collection

MAIN ENTRY: Stangel, W. L.
DATE OF INTERVIEW: June 9, 1965; January 19, March 7 and 16, 1973; c. 1975
INTERVIEWER: B. W. Aston, David Murrah, Etta Lynch
LENGTH OF INTERVIEW: 5 hours, 55 minutes (total)
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE: Dean W. L. Stangel discusses his early life and the early years of Texas Tech’s Agricultural developments. He also talks about cattle feeding experiments at Tech, the development of the feedlot industry on the South Plains, growth and changes at Tech during his tenure as head of the Animal Husbandry department and later as Dean of the College of Agriculture. He then discusses the development of Tech’s athletic program during his 23 years as Chairman of the Athletic Committee, including Coach Pete Cawthon.
TAPE ONE, SIDE ONE: Family background
Education and activities
College at Texas A & M
Work in Summers
Graduate work
Teaching at A & M
Army induction
Advancement at A & M
Offer from Texas Tech—considerations involved
First visit to Lubbock (1916)
Dairy barn
Move to Lubbock
Reaction of Mrs. Stangel
Beginnings of Texas Tech
First animal husbandry classes
First animals
Gift of Herefords
Angus and Durham Shorthorn herds
Planting trees
Problems with sand
Beginning of athletic program
Advancement of Agriculture Department
Disposition of Shorthorn herd
Judging—livestock honors
Visit to Lubbock—looking at land
Exchange horse for tractor
Advantages of horse and tractor
Development of Southwestern farm horse
Selling Jack to Armour and Company
Development of Crops
Gooseneck sorghum
Feeding Milo to steers
Tours to study farming developments
Arable land of Texas Plains
Relation of economy to production
Hog production
TAPE TWO, SIDE ONE: Cattle feeding experiments at Texas Tech described
Began in 1933
Discussion of types of feed used
Graduate students’ research in cottonseed
Began feeding stocker calves (1943)
Worked with J. M. Jones of Texas A & M in
"cattling" down Milo (1944)
E. L. Dawson’s work in 1947 mentioned
Began grazing tests in late 1940s
Use of irrigated pastures in early 1950s very
Supplements used
Tech’s entries in lamb show won prizes
Winnings financed feeding experiments with lambs
Introduction of cattling down grain sorghums
Purchase of 40 head for the first test (1933)
TAPE TWO, SIDE TWO: Discusses tour of Iowa feeding operations
Explains Loyan H. Walker’s part in the tour
Observations made on the tour reviewed
Tour of Arizona-California feeding operations
Photographs of the tour discussed
Results of the tour examined
Increase in feedlots coincided with drop in cattle prices
Discusses article written concerning feedlots
TAPE THREE, SIDE ONE: Description of tour of area feedlot operations (1964)
Reasons given for superiority of the Perryton feedlot
Relates success of the feedlot tours
Commercial feedlot operations more successful than individual operations
Lists technological advances contributing to success of the feedlot industry
Problem of obtaining feeder cattle revealed
Discusses types of feed used in the feedlots
Various kinds of roughage named
TAPE THREE, SIDE TWO: Explains problem of obtaining water
Pioneers of the feedlot industry characterized
D. W. Lewter’s operation
Tom Simmons practiced subfeeding
Northern Panhandle is center of feedlot industry
TAPE FOUR, SIDE ONE: Educated at Texas A & M and University of Missouri
Taught at A & M nine years
Invited by Dr. Paul W. Horn to come to Tech as head of the Animal Husbandry Department
Homes in Lubbock listed
Explains reasons for coming to Tech
Describes early School of Agriculture
F. I. Dahlberg assisted the Dean
First class meeting recalled
Acquisition of the first animals
Recollections of John M. Gist, Hereford breeder
Gist loaned money during Depression
Acquisition of the animal herds described
Organization of the Student Dairy Association (1927)
Reviews acquisition of the horse herd
Acquired an outstanding Percheron herd
Use of horse-drawn farm equipment at Tech during its first 10 years
Champion horses owned by Tech named
TAPE FOUR, SIDE TWO: Cites effects of the Depression on the Tech agriculture program
Problem of obtaining food for the animals
Forced to sell some cattle
Location of the animal pens described
Notes uses of the stock judging pavilion
Tech’s livestock today compared with 1920s and 1930s
Expresses opinion of the cattle shoot of the 1930s
Became Dean of Agriculture in 1945
Lists crops grown at Tech
Describes handling of silage
Location of the dairy barn (1925)
Silo constructed at the same time
Facilities in the dairy barn described
Reviews relationships with Tech presidents
Recalls budgetary problems during the Depression
TAPE FIVE, SIDE ONE: Effects of the Depression on personal life
Location of the Agriculture buildings during tenure
Notes changes made when Ralph Durham became head of Animal Husbandry
Facilities moved across the railroad
Herds reduced
Acquisition of the Frost herd of Herefords
Livestock owned by Tech listed
1957 holdings worth $76,000
1966 holdings worth $49,000
Evaluates the present School of Agriculture
Loss of acreage for the Tech Freeway, National Guard and Army Reserve armories
Problem of driving cattle through the underpass
Also losing land to the Medical School
Tech farms were formerly a showplace
TAPE SIX, SIDE ONE: Dr. Clifford B. Jones strongly supported the School of Agriculture
Dr. William Whyburn’s term as President discussed
Notes changes made in commencement exercises
Mentions relationship with Whyburn
Dr. Dossie M. Wiggins’ term as President
Firing of three faculty members recalled
Hiring of Dr. Ralph Durham as head of Animal
School of Agriculture continued to improve during tenure
Outstanding graduates of School of Agriculture named and discussed
Don King, Texas & Southwestern Cattle Raisers
Don Jones, American Quarter Horse Association
Henry C. Elder, Texas Hereford Association
Orville Elliott, bank president
Dan Thornton, Governor of Colorado
John Burroughs, Governor of New Mexico

Served as Chairman of the Athletic Committee (1925-1948)
Financial problems reviewed
Location of practice field at 19th and University

TAPE SIX, SIDE TWO: Work on Athletic Committee noted
First football game described
Problem of goatheads
Budgetary problems related
Providing seats for the first Tech-A & M game
Building of Jones Stadium
Dr. Clifford Jones loaned $100,000
Effect of the Depression on athletics
Names various methods of travel used
Attempted to join Southwest Conference (1937)
Recalls effort in late 1920s to organize a conference
Tech joined Border Conference
Expelled in 1939 for ineligible player
Readmitted 3 years later
Emil Larson of the Border Conference
Football coach Dell Morgan’s record cited
Pete Cawthon’s tenure as coach
Mentions difficulty scheduling Texas teams
TAPE SEVEN, SIDE ONE: Tech played A & M several years in San Antonio
Describes difficulties during Pete Cawthon’s term as coach
Morley Jennings brought about changes in scheduling
Arch Lamb helped organize Red Raider Club
Tech’s rivalry with A & M
1927 game described
Recalls some outstanding games
Attitude toward losing
Conflicts with Texas Tech Athletic Council
Out of state football schedules
Fight with Texas A & M University
Resignation from Texas Tech (1941)
Cotton Bowl game (January 2,1939)
Used ineligible player
Assistant coaches
"Dutchy" Smith
Berl Huffman
Reactions to Cawthon’s resignation
TAPE EIGHT, SIDE TWO: Pete Cawthon (again)
Member of Athletic Council
Presence at meetings
Athletic appropriations
Changed team’s name
Lost 1939 Cotton Bowl game
Loss of conference membership
Relationship with Cawthon
Pete Cawthon (again)
Team flew to Michigan for a game
Use of profanity
Reaction to losing a game
Use of violence
Letters written by Cawthon
RANGE DATES: 1916-1975
BULK DATES: 1925-1948