Oral History Collection

MAIN ENTRY: Murrah, David J.
DATE OF INTERVIEW: May 9-10, 1973; March 5 and November 3, 1975; January 27, 1980 and unknown
LOCATION OF INTERVIEW: Floydada and Lubbock, Texas
INTERVIEWER: Tom Robertson, speeches and lectures
LENGTH OF INTERVIEW: 5 hours, 25 minutes
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE: Tape 1: David Murrah speaks to the Floydada Junior Historians’ meeting. He discusses the purpose and function of the Southwest Collection and suggests possible history projects for the group.

Tape 2: Tom Robertson interviews Murrah on KTXT-TV concerning the Southwest Collection.

Tape 3: Murrah describes the career of early Bailey County rancher Charles K. Warren and the records relating to him in the Southwest Collection, then narrates a slide show of early Lubbock.

Tape 4: Dr. Murrah discusses his background and interest in the history profession and includes his research on C. C. Slaughter.

Tape 5: He delivers a lecture on appraisal and inventory of archival materials.

Tape 6: Dr. Murrah provides an introduction for his course in archival administration at Texas Tech.

Tape 7: He gives a class lecture on the care and maintenance of photographs and microfilm.

TAPE ONE, SIDE ONE: Opening of meeting and introduction of David Murrah
Function, purpose of Southwest Collection explained
Distinction between "repository" and "depository"
Oral history topics cited
History projects suggested
Southwest Collection archives mentioned
Oral history policy reviewed
Ranch personalities discussed
Questions and discussion from students
TAPE TWO, SIDE ONE: Texas Tech television station KTXT introduces its afternoon and evening programming
Subject of Southwest Collection introduced
Purpose, function of Southwest Collection presented
History, location, speculation on growth of Southwest
Slide presentation narrated
Book collections discussed
Multi-disciplinary character of Southwest Collection
Role of microfilming discussed
Oral history projects examined
"Man-land" theme asserted
Muleshoe Ranch story related
Photograph collections examined
Cotton Bowl (1939) film presented
Large collections discussed
Interest in new collections expressed
RANGE DATES: Charles K. Warren
Three Oaks, Michigan
Edward K. Warren, father
Used in corsets and whips
To Missouri (1886)
Return to Michigan
Traveling salesman, Warren Featherbone Co.
To Texas
Square and Compass Ranch
Garza County, Texas (1890)
Anecdote, cattle in a storm
Return to Michigan
Warren Featherbone Co. (again)
Vice President
Bought YL Ranch in Bailey County, Texas (1903)
Formerly part of XIT Ranch
Bought more ranch land
Origin of Muleshoe name
Bought land in Mexico (1910)
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
Mexican Revolution
Bandits plundered ranches
Ynez Salazar
Extracted money, 1913
Stole horses and cattle
Protection money, 1917
Letter from Salazar
Foreman kidnapped
"Pancho" Villa (again)
Killed cattle, 1915
Destroyed buildings
$250,000 damage
Asked U. S. government for help
Reasons for success in Mexico
E. K. Warren died (1919)
Incorporated land (1924)
Death (1932)
U Bar Ranches
George Lackey
E. K. Warren (son of Charles)
President (1940)
Mexican ranches sold
Corporation dissolved (1954)
Slides shown
TAPE THREE, SIDE TWO: Slides shown (continued)
[A series of slides relating to the lecture and the history of Lubbock, Texas are discussed]
TAPE FOUR, SIDE ONE: David Murrah, background
Born: September 13, 1941, in Shattuck, Oklahoma
Raised in Gruver, Texas
Graduated from Gruver High School, 1960
Graduated from Hardin-Simmons University, 1964
Southwestern Theological Seminary
5 years in public school
Texas Tech University, 1971
Interest in history
Dr. Rupert N. Richardson, Texas historian
Morton schools
Texas Tech—Master’s degree in history, 1971
Search for Master’s Thesis topic
Dr. Ernest Wallace
Elvis Fleming suggested C. C. Slaughter Ranch
Dr. David Vigness suggested investigating Southwest
Slaughter Family research materials
Slaughter family
Discord over estate settlement
Gaining access to materials
Ranch documents
Later acquired by the Southwest Collection
Thesis on Slaughter Ranch
Local history importance
Led to dissertation Slaughter family
Missing—C. C. Slaughter’s personal papers
J. H. Baker diary
Oral history interviews
Son of ranch foreman
Book on Slaughter possible
TAPE FIVE, SIDE ONE: Interview in nursing home
World War II photographs
Reasons for choosing topic
Try to find unworked areas
Black experience
Reasons for choosing thematic topics in oral history
Benefits of a single interviewer
Problems with multiple interviewers
Value of oral history in manuscript collection
Difficulties of field appraisal
Considerations given to appraisal
Age of material
Volume of material
For of material
Evidential value
Informational value
Research value
Archival value
Considerations given to receiving material
TAPE FIVE, SIDE TWO: Considerations (continued)
Record keeping
Problems in field work (again)
Re-iteration of points made by Dr. Murrah
Purposes at Southwest Collection
Inventory forms used at National Archives
Preliminary inventory
Inventory of record group
Inventory process at Southwest Collection
Work order sheet
Sorting of material
Inventory forms
TAPE SIX, SIDE ONE: Description of packet of materials
Introduction of course
Purpose and goal of course
Use of Southwest Collection
Assignments (again)
LBJ Library
Lesson plan
Outside reading
Expanded archival education program
TAPE SIX, SIDE TWO: Expanded archival education program (continued)
History of archival activities
Trends in recent archival activities
How people get involved in archival employment
Archival methodology at Southwest Collection
Archival repository vs. Archive
Differences between
General comments on archival work
Historical background of Southwest Collection
TAPE SEVEN, SIDE ONE: Photographs require more care than manuscripts
Negatives and photographs stored separately
Store in mylar sleeves
Chemical protection
Protection from handling
Problems in handling photographs
From article
Maintaining order of collections
Better to separate photographs from manuscript
Aides in conservation
Establishing bibliographic information
Cataloging individually or as a collection
Deciding how to catalog
Users of photographs
Methods of making photographs available
Problems with access to photographs
Weinstein’s Collection Care: Historical Photographs
Handling photographs
Storage (again)
Environment—heat, light, humidity, consistency
Ways to protect photographs
Ideally stored in environmentally controlled vault
National Museum of American History
Photograph storage
Mounted photographs
Generally not a problem if have the negatives
Color photographs
Best method of preservation
TAPE SEVEN, SIDE TWO: Assignment (continued)
Records a lot of information in little space
Microfilm sizes
Sizes currently used
Microfilm camera
Different processes of microfilming
Three types of microfilm
National standards
Format of microfilming manuscript collection
Use a good microfilm camera
Design used in microfilm camera
Reasons to microfilm
More practical to microfilm than to store the original
For conservation
Types of microfilm cameras
Rotary camera
Planetary camera
Reading assignment
Semester project
BULK DATES: 1870-1980 and unknown