Oral History Collection

MAIN ENTRY: Baumgardner, John H.
DATE OF INTERVIEW: October 4, 1972
LOCATION OF INTERVIEW: Lubbock, Texas
INTERVIEWER: David Murrah, R. S. Dunn
LENGTH OF INTERVIEW: 3 hours, 10 minutes
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE: In the first tape, Professor Baumgardner discusses the history of feedlot development on the Texas plains. He touches on topics of financing, technical advances, and mentions feedlot personalities. In the second tape, Baumgardner traces and outlines technical and scientific developments in feedlot management and rationing. In the third tape, he tells an anecdote. In the fourth tape, he discusses the extent of drug use, recent outbreaks of disease, the history of hormone use, and feedlot record-keeping.
TAPE ONE, SIDE ONE:
(Tape one: 1 hour)
Discussion of oral history project on feedlot industry
Terry County corn production related to cattle feeding
     (1920s)
Early Lubbock feedlot identified
Role of cottonseed in 19th century cattle feeding noted
     Myth of cottonseed meal poisoning cited
Relationship of Corn Belt feeders to local feeders
Reasons for originating feeding practices discussed
Role of Texas Tech's Dean W. L. Stangle in growth of
     feedlots examined
     Influence of far western tour (1962) mentioned
Pioneers in the industry cited
Post-World War II development traced
     Personalities recalled
TAPE ONE, SIDE TWO: History of feedlot financing explored
Feeding operations of 1950s reviewed
Cattle market patterns cited
Effort to establish "boom" era of cattle feedlots, 1966 to
     present
Volume, extent of feedlot activities on Texas plains examined
Review of feedlot progress
Technical developments outlined
     Steam flaking, hormone use noted
Contrast between private and public innovations mentioned
Feedlot viewed as economic stimulus to related activities
Dissatisfaction with railroads noted
Potential interviewees named
Origin of Texas Cattle Feeders given
Areas of project concern listed
TAPE TWO, SIDE ONE:
(Tape two: 1 hour)
Feedlot personalities named
Early rations discussed
Sorghum processing explained
     Silo types identified
Refinement of rations traced
     Contributors to ration development named
     Micronizing process examined
     Texas Tech research noted
     Spur experiment station work cited
Scientific developments summarized
Early use, abuse of hormones
State of feedlot operations in 1950s explained
Steam flaking process reviewed
TAPE TWO, SIDE TWO: Micronizing advantages given
British, Japanese micronizing corporations cited
Feedlot construction firms named
Past and Present rations compared
feedlot "milling" discussed
Evaporative cooling in feedlots described
Inventory of feedlot equipment
Accommodations of custom feedlots as contrasted to private
     feedlots
Operational procedures of custom feedlot reviewed
Ration mechanism (Flo-con) discussed
TAPE THREE, SIDE ONE:
(Tape three: 10 minutes)
Story of cowboy's use of alcoholic content in grain silo related
TAPE THREE, SIDE TWO: Blank
TAPE FOUR, SIDE ONE:
(Tape four: 1 hour)
Discussion of drug use and development in feedlot industry
Cause, need for drug use noted
New cattle diseases cited
Cattle disease conditions examined
"Pre-conditioning" concept and procedures discussed
Business procedures studied
     Veterinarian  work cited
Feedlot drugs, cattle treatment discussed
Identification technique cited
Drug treatment resumed
Feedlots are performing functions which were performed by
     ranches in the past
Reason for recent outbreak of screwworms given
TAPE FOUR, SIDE TWO: Recent outbreak of scabies and treatment noted
Nature of scabies discussed
Cattle dipping practices described
History of hormone use to stimulate growth related
     Ban on oral use of hormones cited
     Hormone use defended
Use of sex hormones discussed
Salvage of dead cattle in feedlots recalled
Feedlot record-keeping surveyed
     Use of computers studied
RANGE DATES: 1920s-1966
BULK DATES: 1920s-1966